Infectious Diseases: Most Popular Articles
Ebola has spread in West Africa, alarmingly, but it is no more contagious than many other diseases.
Halloween is a time of ghoulish, creepie-crawlies. Medicine has its own: Loa Loa eye worms, Cutaneous Larva Migrans under our skin, and Myiasis larvae.
Ebola is a viral hemorrhagic fever, currently spreading in West Africa. It is spread through direct contact with a person (or their body fluids) who is ill with Ebola. Before a patient has symptoms from Ebola, they cannot transmit the infection.
What's the best way to prevent you and your loved ones from getting sick from infectious microbes? Look beyond the obvious and learn some important tips for staying healthy.
Mononucleosis, or nono, is known as the “kissing disease,” but did you know that there are several infectious diseases that can be spread through kissing and saliva?
What exactly is an outbreak, and why is it important to investigate it? What do epidemiologists do when investigating an outbreak?
Ebola has captured headlines. What does it actually do to those it infects?
As parents have learned in the Midwest and South, this common disease can have serious symptoms, especially strain Enterovirus-D68 - EV-D68.
Hand, Foot, and Mouth Disease is a common childhood infection associated with outbreaks in child care settings. It is usually caused by Coxsackie virus or Enterovirus 71. Learn about its symptoms, diagnosis, treatment, and prevention of the disease
Next steps to understanding Ebola. There's only untested treatments for Ebola. The new names in treatment are: ZMapp, Tekmira, Brincidofovir, Favipiravir, and Biocryst.
What are the infectious disease risks associated with eating sushi? Read about parasites and other microbial infections associated with raw or undercooked fish.
Glossary definition of immunocompromised
Latent tuberculosis or TB is an infection that is not symptomatic or contagious. What causes latent tuberculosis? How do you know if you have it? What precautions should you take if you have it?
A pair of ghoulish white eyes may seem perfect for a Halloween costume, but contact lenses can lead to a serious eye infection if not used correctly.
Find out more about ringworm fungal infections of the skin. Learn about its symptoms, diagnosis, treatment, and prevention.
Preserving food with salt is an ancient human practice that dates back before written records. Beef jerky, pickles, and smoked salmon are all examples of common foods that are preserved using salt. But are salty foods really safer to eat?
Serious birth defects and even fetal death can occur following some infections in pregnant women. Find out which infectious diseases can lead to long-term defects and whether or not you should be tested for them.
Glossary definition of protozoa. Infectious Diseases.
Did you know that people did not always wash their hands before eating or after going to the bathroom? How was the importance of clean water discovered? What kind of impact did invention of the flush toilet make on society? Find out how personal hygiene evolved from the mid-19th century to the daily practices we use today.
How do you know if you have strep throat or just a sore throat from a cold? Find out how to distinguish if it is strep throat and find out what your doctor will look for.
It's a staple in most households, but do you know the infectious disease risks associated with milk and other dairy products? Why is pasteurization important? How do you prevent milk-borne diseases?
Sore throats are usually caused by infectious microbes. Find out how sore throats occur and which microbes are commonly implicated in infections that cause sore throats
Mono or Mononucleosis is sometimes called the Kissing Disease because it is common among young adults and teenagers and spread through saliva. Find out more about symptoms of Mono and how to treat the disease.
Active Tuberculosis or TB is a deadly disease that is on the rise in the U.S. Find out what causes active TB, what its symptoms are, and what treatment options are available
Chikungunya has spread in the Caribbean and has now been found in Florida and Texas. The disease can cause joints to be painful for months.
Glossary definition of microbiology
Find out about symptoms, treatment, and prevention of cholera, caused by the bacteria, Vibrio cholera. Learn about the epidemiology of this common epidemic and tips for travelers on preventing infection.
Glossary definition of pathogen. Infectious Diseases.
Strep throat is a common kids' infection that is more prevalent in the winter and spring months. Find out about its symptoms, treatment options, prevention methods, and complications associated with the diseases.
We carry probably 10 times more bacteria than human cells in our bodies. We are just beginning to understand the effects of these microorganisms and probiotics.
Can stress really increase your likelihood of getting sick? How does stress impact your immune system? Which infections are you more prone to getting when stressed? What can you do about it?
Clostridium difficile bacterial disease is on the rise, causing more and more cases of hospital-borne infection. Find out the symptoms of Clostridium difficile colitis and how to treat and prevent infection. Read more about Toxins A and B of Clostridium difficile and how they contribute to the disease.
Pasteurization of milk is an important process that limits the spread of milk-borne infectious diseases. Learn more about the different processes used for pasteurization. Find out the truth about pasteurized vs. raw milk.
Tuberculosis, or TB, also known as consumption, is a worldwide epidemic that is on the rise in the U.S. Find out about its symptoms, diagnosis, treatment, prognosis, and prevention.
Cytomegalovirus, or CMV, is the largest of all viruses and infects most people some time in their life. Most infections are harmless, but transmission of the virus from pregnant women to their fetuses can cause permanent disabilities.
Diarrheal diseases are a significant cause of sickness and death throughout the world. Read more about the different kinds of diarrhea and the kinds of microbes that cause these infections. Get tips on treatment and prevention of diarrhea.
Find out symptoms and treatment of Typhoid Fever. Learn how Salmonella Typhi causes Typhoid Fever and how to avoid getting it.
What is strep throat? What are its symptoms? How is it diagnosed and treated? Why do I need to take all of the antibiotics if I'm already feeling better? Find out answers to these questions and more.
Drugs and Vaccines may not reach the thousands affected by Ebola in West Africa. How do we control the epidemic and treat patients without them?
Rubella, or German measles, causes a congenital disease that can result in spontaneous abortion, prematurity, and severe birth defects. Find out more about symptoms, diagnosis, treatment, and prevention of rubella.
Cold sores are caused by Herpes Simplex Virus Type 1 (HSV-1). Find out about symptoms, prevention, and treatment of cold sores and oral herpes infections
Jock Itch, or ringworm of the groin, is a fungal infection that affects the groin and inner thighs. Find out more about its symptoms, diagnosis, treatment, and prevention.
With so many different kinds of antibiotics available, how does your health care provider know which to prescribe? Find out what your doctor needs to know before choosing the right antibiotic.
Salmonella seems to be making its way into the news more and more each year, but is it something we should be worried about? Find out which kinds of diseases are caused by Salmonella and how to avoid getting it.
Apparently Bearded Dragons, Dog Food, hedgehogs, and almond butter have this in common...they've been spreading Salmonella in the US.
Healthcare workers have to follow strict protocols for using PPE (Personal Protective Equipment) to avoid accidental exposures.
CA-MRSA, or community-associated methicillin-resistant Staphylococcus aureus, has been a growing concern among athletes, students, and military recruits. Find out some important facts about the MRSA superbug and how you can avoid CA-MRSA infections.
Glossary definition of gram stain
If seasonal illnesses are caused by viruses and other microbes, how does one explain the phenomena of the cold being associated with getting sick more frequently? It turns out there may be some truth to this old wives' tale after all.
Mumps is a viral disease characterized by “chipmunk cheeks”. It is preventable with the MMR vaccination. Find out more about symptoms, diagnosis, treatment, and prevention of Mumps
Dehydration is a main cause of concern when it comes to diarrheal disease in small children. Here's a easy and cheap recipe for oral rehydration therapy.
Strep throat is diagnosed by clinical symptoms, throat cultures, and rapid antigen detection tests. Find out how each of these diagnostic measures are conducted.
Infectious diseases often require diagnosis using a culture of a sample from the infected site. What is a culture, and how is it used to diagnose an infection?
E. coli O157:H7 is a common cause of foodborne outbreaks. It has been associated with hamburger, apple juice, and unpasteurized dairy products. It causes a disease called hemorrhagic colitis, characterized by bloody diarrhea. Find out more about symptoms, treatment, and prevention of E. coli O157:H7 infections.
Cats can be cute - but they bring home more than mice. Scratches and bites can cause infections, from cat-scratch disease to MRSA bacteria to rabies.
There's more to influenza vaccines than we think - multiple vaccines, multiple strains, multiple brands. Find out more:
Hospital-acquired or healthcare-associated methicillin-resistant Staphylococcus aureus, or HA-MRSA, comprises a large proportion of MRSA infections in the US. Find out more about symptoms of MRSA associated with hospital settings, treatment options, and tips for prevention
Learn about symptoms, diagnosis, treatment, and prevention of Whooping Cough, also known as Pertussis, caused by the bacteria Bordatella pertussis.
Scared of sushi? The Anisakis worm is a parasite that can cause nasty infections in humans who enjoy eating raw fish.
Glossary definition of Superbug. Infectious Diseases.
What is E. coli? Are all strains of E. coli dangerous? What are its symptoms? Where do you get it? How do you prevent disease?
Glossary definition of nosocomial infection
Glossary definition of virulence
Chikungunya is a viral infection causing joint pain and fevers spread by mosquitoes. A bite by a mosquito in Florida or Texas could possibly spread the disease.
Ear infections, or otitis media, are a common childhood infection, afflicting most infants and small children. Find out what are ear infections, and their symptoms, diagnosis, prognosis, treatment, and prevention.
Toxoplasmosis, caused by Toxoplasma gondii, can cause a nasty congenital infection in fetuses. The infection is transmitted from cat or kitten feces to pregnant women to their unborn babies. Find out about the symptoms, diagnosis, treatment, and prevention of Toxoplasmosis.
Superbugs are bacteria that are resistant to multiple kinds of antibiotics, making treatment a challenge. Find out which strains of bacteria are becoming superbugs and are becoming public health issues.
Lyme disease is spread through tick bites. Learn about its symptoms, diagnosis, treatment, and prevention.
Dengue Fever has spread into new areas and reached the US. The mosquitoes that could potentially carry dengue are found as north as Chicago and New York.
Profile of Invasive Candidiasis that causes a systemic fungal infection. Symptoms, diagnosis, and treatment.
FAQs about swine flu from Harvard Medical School
A virus in the Middle East has been worrying some doctors. This time it's from Camels. Yes, Camels.
Explosive vomiting and tummy troubles after the school picnic? Sounds like Staphylococcus aureus food poisoning. Find out what foods are commonly contaminated with Staph and whether or not you should be worried.
Measles, also known as Rubeola, is a leading cause of death of young children worldwide, despite the availability of an inexpensive and effective MMR vaccine. Find out about symptoms, diagnosis, and prevention of measles.
Commonly associated with cruise ships, Norovirus, also known as Norwalk or Norwalk-like virus, is a major cause of diarrheal disease, commonly referred to as the stomach flu. Find out more about the symptoms, treatment, and prevention of norovirus.
The MMR vaccine is a combination vaccine made up of three live, attenuated viruses, Measles, Mumps, and Rubella. Find out more about the MMR vaccine and who should or should not receive it. Learn about its safety and effectiveness against these three childhood viruses.
Profile of Thrush caused by Candida fungi. Symptoms, diagnosis, and treatment.
What is Listeria, and how do I avoid getting it? Who should avoid eating soft cheeses and deli meats? Is my fetus at risk?
Some diseases spread like wildfire; some don't. Find out how epidemiologists know one from the other.
Glossary definition of fungi. Infectious Diseases.
Botulism, caused by ingestion of Clostridium botulinum or its toxin, can be deadly for its victims. Find out more about symptoms, treatment, and prevention of this disease.
The emergence of superbugs is a huge public health issue, but can potentially be solved with proper use of antibiotics. Find out how we can help fix the super bug problem
What are antibiotics? Where do they come from? How do they work?
Glossary Definition of zoonotic disease
Glossary definition of bacteria. Infectious Diseases.
Find out the truth about daycare-associated infections and what causes them. Did you know there are even some health-related benefits for children who attend daycare centers and preschools? Keep reading to find out more!
Athlete's foot, also known as ringworm of the foot, is a fungal infection that causes itchy, scaly skin between the toes. Learn about its symptoms, treatment, diagnosis, and tips for preventing athlete's foot.
Good hygienic cooking and food preparation practices in your kitchen are essential for limiting the possible spread of foodborne infectious diseases.
Get quick summaries of common infectious diseases in kids (ages 0 to 12 years) and how to diagnose, treat, and prevent them.
Daycare centers don't have to be germ centers. Find out why child care centers and preschools are common sources of infectious diseases. Learn some tips for keeping your child's daycare center free of nasty germs and infections
Rotavirus is the leading cause of severe dehydrating diarrhea in small children both in the United States and worldwide. Read more about symptoms, diagnosis, treatment and prevention of rotavirus.
Campylobacter jejuni causes a food-borne diarrheal disease after eating contaminated milk or poultry. Find out symptoms of Campylobacter infections and how to limit the risk for disease.
Bird Flu or Avian Influenza has been in recent news. Find out more about what it is, its symptoms, methods of treatment, and how to prevent bird flu.
Ebola has grabbed the headlines. There are actually other Viral Hemorrhagic Fevers. They just happen to be rare - Lassa, Marburg, Yellow Fever, Hantavirus, even Dengue.
Profile of yeast infections caused by candida. Symptoms, diagnosis, and treatment.
Glossary definition of pandemic. Infectious Diseases.
Glossary definition of opportunistic infection
Cats are awfully cute, but sometimes they spread human infections - anything from ringworm to salmonella to toxoplasmosis to latent tuberculosis (TB). Luckily, this is rare.
It strikes college students and infants suddenly - but rarely. It's a disease of kissing and close contact. What is meningococcal disease?
Shigella is an infectious food-borne bacteria that can cause severe diarrhea, known as dysentery or Shigellosis. Find out symptoms of Shigella infections and how to treat and prevent disease.
Infectious diseases are responsible for up to 30% of all cancers worldwide. Find out how microbes cause cancer.
Getting sick while traveling is a huge inconvenience, especially since you lack the comforts of home. Get tips on how to stay healthy when traveling
Hurricane Ike devastated the city of Galveston, Texas on the morning of September 13th, 2008. In its aftermath, returning residents to Galveston are finding themselves amidst swarms of rotting herd animals, mosquitoes, rats, and snakes. To top it off, there is limited drinking water, electricity, and medical care. What are the infectious disease risks associated with the aftermath of Hurricane Ike, and what can the residents of Galveston do about it? How can we help?
Glossary definition of Lymphatic System
Salmonella is a major cause of food-borne outbreaks in the United States. Find out what it is, how it causes disease and how to prevent and treat it.
Infections from methicillin-resistant Staphylococcus aureus, also known as the MRSA superbug, have been increasing over the past decade. Find out what the MRSA superbug is and why it's a problem. Learn about symptoms of different kinds of MRSA, treatment options, and tips for prevention.
Every season has its disease. Back-to-school brings home bugs. There are wintertime colds, fall asthma, spring allergies, and summertime mosquitoes.
Glossary definition of Congenital Defect
What are superbugs and where do they come from?
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We can prevent infections in the hospital. With a few simple tips to cut back on nosocomial infections like C Diff (Clostridium difficile) and antibiotic resistant infections like MRSA.
Swine Influenza has been in recent news. Find out more about what it is, its symptoms, methods of treatment, and how to prevent swineflu.
Coccidioidomycosis is a fungal infection that can cause pneumonia and in rare cases more serious illness. The disease can be spread by dust and drought, even earthquakes.
Many infectious diseases occur when consuming foods contaminated with viruses, bacteria, and other microbes. Find out how these microbes make you sick and what you can do to prevent disease.
The Rotateq vaccine is a promising new vaccine for rotavirus infection that leads to severe diarrhea in small children. Find out how well it works and how safe it is.
See below for quick summaries of some common travel-related infections and tips on how to diagnose, treat, and avoid them.
More swine flu FAQs from Harvard Medical School. Page 2.
Glossary definition of virus. Infectious Diseases.
Economic woes got you down? Times of financial stress can make you more prone to infections. Find out some quick and easy ways you can save money and stay free of infections.
What is Bird Flu? What are its symptoms? Am I at risk for getting it? Are there treatments available for bird flu? Get the facts on bird flu and why it's a problem.
Bird flu, or avian influenza, has been in recent news, with many poultry farms being wiped out by this deadly virus of birds. Government authorities are concerned about the risk for an influenza pandemic, or worldwide spread of the virus.